What are the Differences between Asthma and COPD?
Emphysema and chronic bronchitis are progressive respiratory diseases that are commonly known as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). During COPD, airflow decreases over time, and the lining of the airways becomes inflamed. In some cases, asthma is mistaken for COPD, which is a separate respiratory disease. There are similarities between the two symptoms. Shortness of breath, wheezing, and chronic coughing are the symptoms. Read this article Dr. Nishtha Singh to know more about What are the Differences between Asthma and COPD?
What are the Differences between Asthma and COPD? Dr. Nishtha Singh
COPD is associated with asthma. As you age, you are more likely to develop this dual diagnosis. To tell What are the Differences between Asthma and COPD? you must understand the following factors.
Asthma and COPD have different causes:
- An environmental factor and an inherited (genetic) factor might be responsible for causing it. Allergic reactions also start with exposure to certain substances (allergens). Individuals have different preferences. There are many triggers for asthma, including pollen, dust mites, mold, pet hair, respiratory infections, physical activity, cold air, smoke, beta-blockers, aspirin, stress, foods, and beverages containing sulfites and preservatives, and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).
- In the developed world, smoking is the leading cause of COPD. Cooking and heating fuel fumes in developing countries cause it. COPD develops in 20 to 30% of people who smoke regularly, according to the Mayo Clinic. As a result of smoking, the bronchial tubes and air sacs lose their natural elasticity and over-expand, which causes trapped air to enter the lungs when you exhale.
The spectrums of triggers that cause COPD versus asthma reactions are also different.
Asthma is usually made worse by exposure to the following:
- cold air
Infections of the respiratory tract, such as pneumonia and influenza, are the primary cause of COPD aggravations. Exposure to environmental pollutants can also exacerbate COPD. The symptoms:
There are many similarities between COPD and asthma symptoms, especially shortness of breath. A common feature of asthma and COPD is airway hyperresponsiveness (when your airways are sensitive to what you inhale).
Treatments of Asthma and COPD Disease
With proper treatment, asthma will operate as a long-term condition. The first step in treating asthma is to recognize and avoid your asthma triggers. Among the most common asthma treatments are:
- An oral or intravenous corticosteroid for chronic asthma, also short-acting beta-agonists, and ipratropium (Atrovent).
- Xolair (omalizumab) and allergy shots (immunotherapy) are two types of allergy medications.
- Medications used to control asthma over an extended time, such as inhaled corticosteroids, leukotriene modifiers, long-acting beta agonists, combination inhalers, and theophylline
- Thermoplasty of the bronchial tube
Like asthma, COPD is a long-term health condition, and treatment focuses on controlling symptoms to maintain an active, healthy lifestyle. Therapy, hypnosis, and support groups are some methods for quitting smoking. The following treatments for COPD:
- Theophylline, phosphodiesterase-4 inhibitors, and bronchodilators are some of the medications available to manage asthma
- Various lung therapies, such as oxygen therapy and pulmonary rehabilitation programs, can help you live a healthier and more fulfilling life.
- Surgical procedures such as lung volume reduction (removing damaged lungs to allow more space within the chest cavity for healthy lungs), lung transplant (replacing diseased and damaged lungs with healthy, donated lungs), or bullectomy (removal of abnormally large air spaces from the lungs to aid breathing) are among them.
COPD and asthma are both long-term conditions, but their outlooks are different. Typical asthma is easier to control. COPD, on the other hand, worsens over time. Childhood asthma may disappear in a time, while asthma and COPD tend to last a lifetime. When asthmatics and COPD patients follow the prescribed treatment plans, their symptoms may reduce, and complications may also avoid. Contact Dr. Nishha Singh- Asthma and Chest Specialist in Jaipur | Rajasthan.